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National Insurance Contribution Rates 2023-2024

Updated: Apr 5

Introduction: Understanding National Insurance Contributions

National Insurance contributions (NICs) play a pivotal role in the financial landscape of individuals and businesses in the United Kingdom. In this detailed guide, we delve into the intricate details of the National Insurance Contribution rates for the fiscal year 2023-2024, shedding light on its nuances and implications.



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Class 1 National Insurance Contributions

Class 1 Employees' Contributions

Primary Threshold and Upper Earnings Limit

For the tax year 2023-2024, the primary threshold stands at £9,880 per year, with the upper earnings limit at £51,500. Employees are liable to contribute 12% of their earnings between these thresholds, and 2% on earnings exceeding the upper limit.


Class 1 Employers' Contributions

Employers, on the other hand, shoulder a considerable responsibility concerning NICs. They contribute 13.8% on their employees' earnings above the secondary threshold, which aligns with the primary threshold for employees.


Class 2 and Class 4 National Insurance Contributions

Self-Employed Individuals

Self-employed individuals navigate through Class 2 and Class 4 NICs. Class 2 contributions remain at a flat weekly rate, while Class 4 contributions are calculated based on profits.

Small Profits Threshold and Class 4 Rates

The small profits threshold for the tax year 2023-2024 is £6,515 annually. Class 4 contributions stand at 9% on profits between this threshold and £50,270, followed by a 2% rate on profits surpassing this limit.


State Pension and Other Benefits

NICs contribute significantly to state benefits, including the State Pension, Maternity Allowance, and other social security benefits. Ensuring regular contributions secures eligibility for these vital provisions.


Key National Insurance Rates and Thresholds from 6 April 2024


Insurance rate Bar Chart
Key National Insurance Rates and Thresholds


Conclusion: Importance of Understanding NICs

Understanding National Insurance Contribution rates is crucial for both employees and employers. It impacts individuals' financial planning and ensures compliance with statutory obligations.

This comprehensive guide offers a detailed insight into National Insurance Contribution rates for the tax year 2023-2024, empowering readers with valuable information crucial for informed financial decisions.

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